Christchurch is a city in the province of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand that is oftentimes termed as one of the most English city outside of England. It's also often called the Garden City as it features so many beautiful gardens. The city area carries a population of slightly below 400 000, making it the second largest city in New Zealand after Auckland. The Avon River passes via the center of the city with many parks located along its banks with Hagley Park being a main characteristic of Christchurch. At the centre of Christchurch is Cathedral Square with the landmark Anglican cathedral which is at present being restored following earthquake damages.
The farming and agricultural industry is the commercial heart of Christchurch and most of the initial business there were designed to service this. Travel and leisure has become also a substantial aspect for the local economy, with the city selling themselves as a portal to the South Island with its amazing surroundings, snow skiing and adventure tourism. It is also the portal to the Antarctic, with the city developing a long history of assistance in Antarctic exploration. There is an International Antarctic Centre which offers both base facilities along with a museum with a visitors centre. The US Navy utilizes Christchurch Airport as being the take-off stage for the most important supply route to its McMurdo as well as Scott Bases that are in Antarctica.
There's some evidence that individuals first settled in the Christchurch area in close to 1250. Settlement became popular at the start of 1840 following the acquisition of property in what has become Riccarton by the Weller siblings as well as a number of European settlers guided by Herriott and McGillivray set up themselves in what is now Christchurch, early in 1840. The Canterbury Association sailed The First Four Ships to deliver 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The ships were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane got here to begin with upon 16 December 1850. These Canterbury Pilgrims were going to create a city about a cathedral based on the city of Christ Church in Oxford, and so the name of Christchurch.
Numerous significant incidents have shaped Christchurch. Back in 1947, a fire happened at Ballantyne's Department Store within the central area with 41 individuals being killed in a blaze which burnt down a number of structures. It is still New Zealand's worst fire catastrophe. In between September 2010 and January 2012 Christchurch suffered a series of significant earthquakes with the most severe being on Tuesday 22 February 2011 with 185 individuals being killed and thousands of buildings falling apart or suffering significant damages. Following the disaster more than 1500 buildings in the city ended up demolished, bringing about a still ongoing recovery and restoring venture. The city did experience some quick growth after the earthquakes. On 15 March 2019, fifty one individuals were killed during two terrorist attacks Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist who had entered NZ from Australia. The terrorist violence ended up being mentioned by the Prime Minister of NZ, Jacinda Ardern as being "One of New Zealand's darkest days".